In United States v. Batmasian, No. 21-12800 (Mar. 24, 2023) (Branch, Luck, Antoon), the Court held that the district court lacked jurisdiction to consider the pardoned defendant’s motion to expunge his conviction.

The defendant filed his expungement motion in the district court that convicted him. But the Eleventh Circuit rejected the defendant’s reliance on the doctrine of ancillary jurisdiction. No court had ever expressly embraced such jurisdiction for a constitutional expungement request. And the Court declined to do so because the alleged constitutional violation—a purported denial of his First Amendment right to donate to charities—was the natural result of an otherwise valid arrest or conviction.